(Dígrafos) Digraphs

Portuguese uses of digraphs, pairs of letters which represent a single sound different from the sum of their components. Digraphs are not included in the alphabet.





Exemplos





1

X

xc

when it’s followed by vowels (I,E) It would be pronounced S

Excedente

[es.e'dẽt.ʃɪ]

Surplus

2

S

SS

It’s always pronounced S

Pássaro

['pa.sɐ.ɾʊ]

Bird

3

S

It’s always pronounced S

(desça)

['de.sɐ]

Go down

4

S

sc

when it’s followed by vowels (I,E) It would be pronounced S

when it’s followed by the rest of vowels (O,U,A), we separate the word into 2 syllables, and letter C would be pronounced as k

(Crescer)

[crs’ɐr]

(piscar)

[pis'kar]

To fish

5

Q

QU

When it’s followed by the vowels (I,E), letter U would be silent and the digraph would be pronounced K

querer

[ke'ɾer]

To want

when it’s followed by the rest of the vowels (O,U,A) it’d be pronounced KW

Quando

[kwa-ndo]

6

G

GU

when it’s followed by the vowels (O,A), it’s pronounced GW

Água

['a.gwɐ]

Water

when it’s followed by the vowels (I,E)

letter U would be silent and the digraph would be pronounced only G

Guia دليل

[g’ya]

7

G

go

it’s pronounced GW

when it’s followed by the vowels

Goela

['gwɛ.la].

Goela

7

G

GO

It’s pronounced Go, when it’s followed by the consonants

Gostar

['gws.tar].

To like

9

C

in general letter C is pronounced as K

Dicção

[ʤik'sɐ̃:ʊ]).

But in few words, letter C is pronounced as C or K, so we have 2 pronunciations for the word

Secção

[sek'sɐ̃ʊ]

or

[se'sɐ̃ʊ]

The process of Cutting in a surgery

10

c

ch

Always it’s pronounced as sh in English

Chuva

['ʃu.vɐ]

Rain

11

R

RR

It’s pronounced as H in English

Guerra

[g’h. ɐ]


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