Vogais (VOWELS)
The pronunciation of the Portuguese letters are completely different than English letters, a vowel is a speech sound made by the vocal folds, and it is also a type of letter in the Portuguese alphabet.
All the Portuguese words have vowels not just that, every syllable is necessarily has single vowel.
To pronounce the vowels correctly, we can divide them into some different kinds
There are vowels and semivowels in Portuguese language. They are 5 letters (A, E, I, O, U)

1- (The mouth is open or slightly ajar. The vowels can be)

Orais: oral vowels
When the air comes out only through the mouth.
A - Amor whcih means love
E - Estável whcih means stable
I - Idéia whcih means ideia
O - Ontem whcih means yesterday
U - União whcih means unity

Nasais: Nasal vowels

when the air comes out through the mouth and through the nasal cavities
à - Fã whcih means Fan
Ê - Dentes whcih means Teeth
Î - Lindo whcih means Beautiful
Ô - Bonde whcih means Tram
Û - Nunca whcih means Never

Átonas: the unstressed vowels
pronounced with less intensity. The letter is unstressed, we can have more than unstressed vowel within a
Ball = Bola

Tônicas : the stressed vowels

pronounced with more intensity
The letter is stressed, we can only have one stressed vowel within a word
Cake = Bolo

2- Vowels related to tone

Abertas (open vowels)

So the vowels are opened and we pronounce them with an open mouth
For examples
é - Pé whcih means Foot
A - Lata whcih means Can
Ó - Pó whcih means Powder

Fechadas (closed vowels)
So the vowels are closed and we pronounce them closing our mouth
For examples
é - Més whcih means Month
u - Luta whcih means Fight
O - Amor whcih means Love

Reduzidas (Reduced vowels)
So the vowels are reduced so we pronounce them in an unfinished form


O - dedo whcih means Finger
E - Ave whcih means Bird
E - Gente whcih means People

Semivogais (semivowels)

Sometimes, when the vowels (E, I, U) come together, they split the word into 2 syllables, the first vowel is the main vowel and the second one changes to semivowel.
U - Sau-dade whcih means To miss
A - história whcih means History – story

E - Série whcih means Series

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