Arabic Grammar

Arabic grammar has almost the same structure as English grammar.

We arrange words to make proper sentences. Word level grammar covers verbs and tenses, nouns, adverbs, etc. Sentence level grammar covers phrases, clauses, reported speech, etc.

the structure and system of Arabic grammar in general, usually considered to consist of syntax and morphology

We have 2 types of Arabic grammar (Classical Arabic and Modern Standard Arabic, which have largely the same grammar) and of the colloquial spoken varieties of Arabic. The grammar of the two types is largely similar in its particulars. Generally, the grammar of Classical Arabic is described first, followed by the areas in which the colloquial variants tend to differ (note that not all colloquial variants have the same grammar).

The differences between the classical/standard and the colloquial Arabic are the loss of morphological markings of grammatical case

In this course, we are going to learn both grammars, from scratch to the advanced and professional levels

How do we Study Arabic Grammar?

The following is a breakdown of how we approach and study Arabic grammar. This approach allows us to cover all the core issues.

So what is the structure of Arabic grammar?

1- Phonology علم الصوتيات

2- Syntax "النحو" بناء الجملة

3- Morphology علم الصرف

Phonology الصوتيات

Syntax علم النحو

Morphology علم الصرف

Arabic grammar structure

So let's take a quick view of the structure of Arabic grammar 

1) Phonology علم الصوتيات

Here are the Contents of Arabic phonology:

1- Phonemes 
2- Phonotactics
3- syllables
4- prosody
5- Orthography

2) Syntax بناء الجملة

The syntax is one of the major components of grammar. 

Here are the Contents of Arabic phonology:

1. "Word Structure"
2- Noun Phrase structure 
3- sentence structure 
4- pronouns 
5- prepositions 
6- question words and question formation
7- the adverbs 
8- the adjective
9- Numerals
10- grammatical inflection Declension إعراب

3) Morphology علم الصرف

The morphology studies only the variable words. the words that can be transformed from one pattern to another of the same root to express different meanings related to its root. 

The structure of nouns in Arabic can be described in the following terms:

1- Stem-root Structure

2- Morphological processes of stem

3- Tenses and verbs

The structure of verbs in Arabic can be described in the following terms:

Verb conjugation – تَصْرِيفُ الْفِعْل

Verb confirmation – تَوْكِيدُ الْفِعْلِ

verb paradigms نماذج الفعل 

verb irregularities الفعل المعتل

All verbs are studied in morphology, except the inert verbs, the verbs that do not accept to be conjugated in all tenses, as (لَيْسَ، عَسَى، بِئْسَ، نِعْمَ).